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June 14, 2017

The Lithium-ion Battery Threat – is it real ?

Aviation Incidents Involving Batteries and Battery Powered Devices

As of May 19, 2014, 144 confirmed air incidents involving batteries carried as cargo or baggage which have experienced Smoke, Fire, Extreme Heat or Explosion have been recorded since March 20, 1991.
(FAA Office of Security and Hazardous Materials Safety)
http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/ash/ash_programs/hazmat/aircarrier_info/media/battery_incident_chart.pdf


Recalls of Batteries & Battery powered Devices

According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission: official Federal Agency website from June 1, 2013 to June 1, 2014 there have been over 3 million recalls of batteries and battery powered devices due to Fire, smoke and explosion Hazards. . The batteries were installed in laptops, cell phones, cameras and video players, notebooks, phones, toys, flashlights, etc.

No matter how many safety features are included, defects will happen. Over the last decade there have been several high profile recalls of lithium-ion batteries. Nokia recalled 46 million cell phone batteries at risk of fire, smoke and exploding; Lenovo recalled 205,000 batteries, Nikon recalled over 200,000 batteries installed in digital cameras, Sony recalled 10 million batteries used in a variety of laptops. In most instances, the recall was due to design defects that allowed contaminates to prevent the safety features from working or were due to problems in the manufacturing of the batteries. These recalls were certified manufacturers who are monitored and must comply with strict regulations.

When a consumer is tasked with replacing a faulty battery or purchasing a spare battery for their Personal Electronic Device (i.e.-Laptop, tablet, camera, video camera, cell Phone, toy etc.) a majority of consumers opt for an in-expensive battery which can vary in price from 10 to 30 dollars compared to purchasing official OEM batteries which can range from 120 to 220 dollars. Where do these inexpensive batteries come from? How are they tested and monitored and by whom?

https://www.cpsc.gov/en/Search/?query=batteries&filters=recalls&language=en&sort=relevance&date=all


Counterfeit Personal Electronic Devices and Batteries

According to Homeland Security Counterfeit seizures report for 2013, over 24,361 individual seizures were made by Us Border patrol officers with an estimated value of $ 1,743,515,581. Over 5,656 individual seizures were made for Consumer Electronics Devices with a suggested retail value of $145,866,526 or 20% of the total seizures. Computers and accessories made up 1,062 seizures and 4% with a retail value of $47,731,513. These devices generally lack any type of thermal protection circuitry. (U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency)

http://www.cbp.gov/sites/default/files/documents/2013%20IPR%20Stats.pdf


Related Articles of Actual Events

IPhone 4 Catches Fire, Combusts Midflight on Australian Airline
http://www.ibtimes.com/iphone-4-catches-fire-combusts-midflight-australian-airline-375770
Article from IBT Times

Women wakes up to find her PHONE on fire and ‘sizzling’ beside her bed
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2600682/Mobile-phone-catches-fire-owner-leaves-charge-asleep.html
Article from Mail online UK

Samsung Galaxy S4 reportedly destroys man’s apartment in ‘explosion’
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/29/galaxy-s4-fire-explosion_n_3672346.html
Article from Huffington Post

i-Phone 5c catches fire in student’s pocket, causes second-degree burns
http://appleinsider.com/articles/14/02/03/iphone-5c-catches-fire-in-students-pocket-causes-second-degree-burns
Article from apple insider

Tulsa Man’s E-Cigarette Catches Fire While Charging
http://www.newson6.com/story/22536957/tulsa-mans-e-cig-catches-fire-while-charging
Article from News On 6

Laptop left on bed for half an hour sets fire to newlyweds’ Harold Hill house
http://www.romfordrecorder.co.uk/news/laptop_left_on_bed_for_half_an_hour_sets_fire_to_newlyweds_harold_hill_house_1_2234527
Article from Ramford Recorder

Laptop Catches Fire, Injures Forest Woman
http://www.wset.com/story/16566535/laptop-catches-fire-injures-forest-woman
Article from Channel 13 ABC news

iPad Air catches fire in Vodafone store
http://www.neowin.net/news/ipad-air-catches-fire-in-vodafone-store
Article from Neowin

Seven-year-old requires surgery after Samsung Galaxy S2 EXPLODES in her pocket
http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/472415/Seven-year-old-requires-surgery-after-Samsung-Galaxy-S2-EXPLODES-in-her-pocket
Article from Express UK